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Structure and Collective Excitations of He-4 Clusters

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Title: Structure and Collective Excitations of He-4 Clusters
Author: Chin, Siu A.; KROTSCHECK, E.
Abstract: We compute zero-temperature ground-state energies, one- and two-body densities, collective-excitation spectra, transition densities, and static and dynamic structure functions of He-4 clusters up to a cluster size of N = 112 particles. The ground-state properties are computed using a second-order diffusion Monte Carlo algorithm with Jastrow and triplet trial functions used for importance sampling. Excitation energies, transition densities, and dynamic structure functions are obtained by solving a generalized Feynman eigenvalue equation. We determine the systematic variation of collective energies with cluster size, demonstrate the existence of persistent oscillations in transition densities, evaluate the strength of collective modes quantitatively, and show how the cluster continuum excitation spectrum can be directly mapped by the dynamic structure function. By comparison with the full static structure function, the collective quadrupole state is found to exhaust approximately 25% of the total strength.
Description: Journals published by the American Physical Society can be found at http://journals.aps.org/
Publisher: American Physical Society
Subject: INHOMOGENEOUS QUANTUM-SYSTEMS
MONTE-CARLO
HELIUM CLUSTERS
GROUND-STATE
LIQUID-HE-4
ENERGY
Physics
Department: Physics and Astronomy
URI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevB.45.852
Date: 1992

Citation

Siu A. Chin and E. KROTSCHECK. Phys.Rev.B 45 852-874 1992."Copyright (1992) by the American Physical Society."

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