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Nanomagnetic molecular materials based on the hexacyanometallate building block: the preparation and characterization of high-spin cluster and chain compounds

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Title: Nanomagnetic molecular materials based on the hexacyanometallate building block: the preparation and characterization of high-spin cluster and chain compounds
Author: Berlinguette, Curtis Paul
Abstract: The work presented herein describes efforts to synthesize and characterize cyanide-bridged molecular compounds with high-spin ground states. This investigation focused primarily on the assembly of hexacyanometallate units with convergent cationic metal complexes that are coordinated to capping ligands. In this manner, a family of related compounds was developed that serve as models for understanding the role of magnetic exchange interactions and anisotropy in nanomagnetic materials. The work presented in Chapter II describes the successful incorporation of the [Fe(CN)6]3- building block into planar geometries with nuclearities ranging from three to ten metal centers. In Chapter III, this methodology was optimized to yield two pentanuclear FeIII/NiII clusters, namely, the trigonal bipyramidal unit, {[Ni(tmphen)2]3[Fe(CN)6]2}, and the extended square, {[Ni(bpy)2(H2O)][Ni(bpy)2]2-[Fe(CN)6]2}. Magnetic measurements on pure phases of these samples revealed that each system exhibits ferromagnetic coupling between the L.S. FeIII and NiII centers, but neither exhibits slow paramagnetic relaxation effects down to T=2K. In Chapter IV, this chemistry was extended to the [Mn(CN)6]3-building block in order to increase magnetic exchange coupling and anisotropy in this cluster type, efforts that resulted in the isolation of the molecule, {[Mn(tmphen)2]3[Mn(CN)6]2}. This cluster exhibits intramolecular antiferromagnetic exchange interactions between the Mn centers which lead to an S=11/2 ground state and a negative ZFS value (D=-0.348 cm-1), parameters that support the experimental observation of Single-Molecule Magnet (SMM) behavior at low temperatures. A detailed investigation of the physical and structural properties of {[Co(tmphen)2]3[Fe(CN)6]2} in Chapters V and VI led to the realization that the cluster exhibits sensitivity to temperature and humidity. The molecule exists in three different electronic isomeric forms in the solid state and undergoes a charge-transfer induced spin-transition (CTIST) under the influence of temperature. The results presented in Chapter VI describe the behavior of this same cluster in solution, the highlight of which is the discovery that water reacts with the cluster to form a fourth electronic isomer. Finally, it is described in Chapter VII that this Co/Fe trigonal bipyramidal unit can be used as a building block for systematically incorporating three metal types into a family of 1-D chain and cluster compounds.
Publisher: Texas A&M University
Subject: high-spin molecules
clusters
cyanide
magnetism
spin-transition
CTIST
single-molecule magnet
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1969.1/2196
Date: 2003-05

Citation

Berlinguette, Curtis Paul (2003). Nanomagnetic molecular materials based on the hexacyanometallate building block: the preparation and characterization of high-spin cluster and chain compounds. Doctoral dissertation, Texas A&M University. Texas A&M University. Available electronically from http : / /hdl .handle .net /1969 .1 /2196.

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